Some Basic Information about Septic Tanks A septic system is very much needed in any establishment or home and yet we generally do not have the knowledge on how this system works. Note that while septic tanks are generally low in maintenance, if something will go wrong with the system, we will face with a tricky and expensive situation. For this reason, it is necessary for us to have a basic background information about septic tanks to avoid facing such concerns in the future. For a start, let us understand how a septic system works. Used in areas that are not linked with a sewage system government or private operated company, a septic system is a sewage treatment system that is small in scale. These septic systems are generally used in rural areas where homes and farms cannot connect to far away sewage mains because of the big costs involved to do so. By pumping waste water from our bathrooms, kitchens and laundry facilities, the septic system then sends it to effluent tanks, the wastes are processed and are dispersed onto a drain field of the septic system. A septic tank then is that necessary part of the septic system that holds 4000 to 7500 litres of wastewater. Usually, your septic tank is buried underground and is connected on one end to an inlet pipe where sewage would flow in, and on the other end connected to a septic drain for filtered wastewater to flow out. The latest design of septic tanks feature two chambers separated from each other by a dividing wall with openings located in the middle between the bottom and top of the tank.
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The first chamber of the effluent tank receives the wastewater that enters it, then the solids settle to the bottom of the tank while the scum floats to the top. The solids usually decompose and float into the water. The solids and scums stay in the first chamber while the liquid travels from the first chamber to the second chamber passing through the openings in the dividing wall. It is usually in the second chamber where settlement occurs and the liquid is now almost clear, then drains to the septic drain field or leach field.
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What makes up a septic drain field are trenches that contain perforated pipes and some porous material like gravel. In order to avoid animals from contacting these wastewater, the field is covered with layers of soil. Through the perforated pipes, the wastewater on the other hand are dispersed and runs through the gravel, removing the contaminants and impurities. A septic system is usually run based on gravity, but if the condition is not permissible, you can introduce a pump to do the work.